HomeDog diseasesEye injuries in dogs: symptoms and treatment

Eye injuries in dogs: symptoms and treatment

Eye injuries in dogs can cause permanent scarring or blindness. Even if there is a foreign object visible to the naked eye, it is essential not to try to treat an eye injury at home.

Eye injuries can cause permanent scarring or blindness if penetrating or ulcerative lesions develop. Eye injuries include foreign bodies, scratches, perforating injuries, chemical injuries, or corneal contact trauma. 

If the dog’s eye is closed or the animal is squinting to protect it, or if the eyelid does not work correctly, it is a sure sign of a severe medical emergency.

Symptoms of eye injuries in dogs

Many different eye diseases can affect dogs. Eye symptoms may arise even without damage. The main signs that denote an eye injury in dogs are the following:

  • General distress or discomfort
  • Bisque
  • Fast flashing
  • Inability to open the eye
  • Tearing
  • Bloody or bloodshot eyes
  • Reaction to avoid bright lights
  • Attempts to scratch the eye and face
  • Distorted pupil
  • Visible foreign object
  • Cloudiness or change in eye color
  • Eye secretions

Causes of eye injuries

An eye injury occurs when something comes in contact with the dog’s eye and causes damage. A fight, a scratch, or a kick can cause damage to a dog’s eye. This type of problem can also create hazards in the environment, such as tree branches, insect bites, etc.

Chemicals, sharp and corner objects, or tools can also pose a threat. Itchy eyes due to allergies or mild irritation can cause eye injuries if the dog rubs with something. If this behavior continues, an ulcer or corneal wound may form.

Eye injuries vary from mild to severe, and, in general, the veterinarian can diagnose them with simple tests. Common eye injuries include corneal laceration, corneal ulcer, puncture wound, eyelid trauma, or proptosis.

Treatment of eye injuries in dogs

The veterinarian will treat simple wounds with an Elizabethan collar to prevent the dog from scratching, along with antibiotics and other medications, usually in the form of drops. Antibiotic drops treat bacterial infections, while atropine drops dilate the dog’s pupil and help relieve pain. In some cases, the veterinarian may even prescribe a soft contact lens to protect the wound.

In severe cases, the veterinarian will prescribe medications such as antibiotics to prevent infections, anti-inflammatories to relieve swelling and help healing or pain relievers to help relieve pain.

More severe and complicated wounds may require surgical exploration to make a complete diagnosis. This surgery will seek to repair the dog’s eye and restore its functioning. The exact medications and doses will depend on the severity of the dog’s injury and, where appropriate, the necessary surgery.

Recovery of eye injuries in dogs

It is necessary to monitor the dog’s eye injury to check improvement frequently. For simple wounds, it is essential to perform a daily observation during the first few days and take note of any differences.

If there is any negative change, or if the wound does not appear to be Canada, you should consult with the veterinarian. In the case of a dog that is recovering from corrective surgery, it is of great importance to carefully follow all the instructions of the veterinarian and monitor progress.

The deeper the eye injury, the higher the possibility of the partial or total loss of vision.  However, in most cases, the dog will recover entirely from an eye injury. Recovery time depends on the type and severity of the damage.


There is no doubt that accidents can occur. However, many eye injuries in dogs can be prevented. One of these prevention measures is as simple as adequately socializing the dog to avoid fighting.

It is also essential to take care of the environment through which the dog moves: care must be taken to protect the dog from sharp or sharp objects, chemicals, and everything that could be a risk to their health.

On the other hand, if a garden is available or the dog is taken for a walk in the countryside, it is essential to be careful with the branches, weeds, and other elements that can cause eye damage to the dog. Finally, it is necessary to note the importance of preventing the dog from sticking its head out the window of a running car. Among other risks, is that something enters your eye and causes an injury.

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